Five points about Canada:
- Huge area, relatively small population, beautiful natural environment.
- One of the richest nations in the world.
- A multicultural society with many immigrants.
- Well-respected and sophisticated education system, and one of the most popular places for international study.
- Safe and interesting place to study – students must start admission to the university in advance, as places may be limited.
Location and geography
Canada, which covers most of the northern part of the North American continent, is the second largest country in the world (after Russia) with a total area of 9.9 million square meters. km. The country stretches from the Pacific Ocean in the west to the Atlantic Ocean in the east. Northern Canada reaches the Arctic Circle, and southern Canada extends below the northern points of the United States (with which it has the longest border in the world). The capital is Ottawa (Ontario).
Because it is such a large country, Canada’s climate is very different in its regions. But in general, the country is known for its cold and sometimes long winters, beautiful and mild seasons in autumn and spring, as well as hot but often short summers.
History and population
The first inhabitants of Canada were Indigenous Canadians, also known as Indigenous peoples, including the Inuit peoples of the north. Then it was arranged by the British and the French, and for a time ruled by England. In 1982, the country officially severed its legal dependence on the British Parliament with the Canadian Act. Canada was the founder of NATO and the United Nations.
Canada has a population of just over 35 million, which is relatively small for such a country. Because much of Canada remains desert, most Canadians live in highly urbanized centers in the south; almost 90% of the population is concentrated within 160 km of the US border. Canada has two official languages: English (59%) and French (22%). Almost 20% speak another language.
Society and culture
Today, Canada is truly a multicultural and multinational country. Over the past half century, it has received millions of immigrants through a national policy of multiculturalism. Canada’s diverse customs, cuisine, traditions, sports and celebrations are the result of an immigrant tradition.
Canada is considered a peaceful, secure and orderly country. Firearms are strictly controlled. Canadians enjoy a standard of living that is one of the highest in the world.
One of the richest countries in the world – Canada – a large industrial and commercial country. It is a member of the G7 / 8, the G20, the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development and many other international organizations. It boasts a highly educated workforce and an increasingly diversified economy. The Canadian economy is as market-oriented as the United States, but the government tends to provide more support and intervention than the US government. International trade is an important part of the Canadian economy, especially with the United States. Currency – Canadian dollar.
Canada is formally a constitutional monarchy, governed by its own House of Commons. Although the governor-general is officially a representative of Queen Elizabeth II, in reality the governor-general acts only on the advice of the Canadian prime minister. Canada as a whole is an incredibly stable and secure country.
Living conditions and cost of living
Many people believe that the cost of living in Canada is much lower than in their home country, but of course this does not apply to all students (for example, students from India or Nepal). International students need approximately C $ 15,000 to C $ 30,000 (CDN) per year, including tuition, to cover their expenses.
Canada claims one of the highest rates of after-school education in the world. More than half (53%) of Canadians between the ages of 25 and 64 have received some form of after-school education; on average in the OECD, by 32%. Postgraduate educational institutions are located throughout the country; in Canada, just over 100 universities and 127 colleges.
In Canada, provinces and territories are responsible for all levels of education, including colleges and universities.
In addition to postgraduate options, Canada offers a wide range of independent private boarding schools for junior high school students noted for their excellence in preparing young people for university entry and college placement.
Canadian universities offer high-quality education that is highly respected around the world. A degree from a Canadian university has considerable prestige, making Canada a major target for many international students.
University degrees are offered at three successive levels – bachelor’s, master’s and doctoral. Bachelor’s degrees usually require three to four years of full-time study, depending on the province. A bachelor’s degree with honors implies a higher degree of concentration in the main topic, as well as a higher level of success and, in some cases, an additional year of study. A master’s degree usually requires two years of study after completing a general or honorary bachelor’s program.
Virtually all Canadian universities are public institutions, which is the main difference between Canadian and American universities.
Canadian colleges and institutes are increasingly relevant educational institutions. Their educational model includes experienced professionals and educators working in partnership with local businesses, communities and industries. Colleges are designed to offer students the skills they need for a career in a fast-paced job market.
Many colleges now offer undergraduate and graduate programs, as well as one- to three-year degree programs.
College programs tend to be more accessible than university and more career-oriented.
Information concerning international students
In 2019, there were more than 390 000 international students in Canada, of which 75% attended higher education. In 2015, an additional 90,000 short-term international students were also assigned to Canada.
International students enrolling directly from a school to a university or college in Canada must begin admission early, as Canadian universities or individual university programs may be limited in attendance.
International students can work in Canada during and after their studies.