Five facts about the United States:
- The first most popular place in the world for international students.
- The third largest country in the world in size and population.
- The world’s largest economy in terms of nominal GDP, and one of the most technologically advanced.
- The highest quality educational institutions in the world, many of them with the latest technological resources.
- A huge range of options for educational programs.
The American higher education system is administered at three levels: primary (ages 5 to 11 or 5-12), secondary (generally aged 12-18), and postgraduate or tertiary (ages 18 and older). . Students are required to remain in school until the age of 16. About 9 out of 10 Americans receive a high school diploma, and almost 1 in 3 receive a bachelor’s degree or higher.
To understand the American education system, it is very important to understand the concept of local control. Local control means that local elected education organizations, usually in the form of government, in the city, state, and at the institutional level, control issues, including the nature of the curriculum, admission standards, and funding of schools, colleges, and universities. This means that the United States federal government has relatively little influence over who and how manages education and oversees degrees, standards, or curricula, which is usually the role of the Department of Education in other countries.
Based on the above, in the United States, the management and support of higher education in high school falls into one of two categories: public (government support) or private. American colleges and universities are roughly evenly distributed between these two types of institutions. Whether a higher education institution is public or private has nothing to do with the quality of education, although the most competitive tend to be dominated by individuals. Whether the institution is public or private, it will set its own admission standards, and prospective students must apply separately for each.
Information concerning international students
The United States has the largest population of international students in the world: there are now more than a million international students in US universities.
Visitors – including international students – must meet strict criteria for obtaining a visa before entering the country, including documenting the financial capacity to support the study program and demonstrate strong links with the home country.
Some international students have the right to work part-time while studying and there are work programs related to different types of visas, which allows international students to gain practical work experience within their curriculum.
Minimum requirements for admission to an American university for international students:
Presence of a certificate of completed secondary or higher education.
Presence of a TOEFL certificate confirming the level of English language proficiency or readiness to obtain it on the spot.
Compliance with age restrictions – up to 35 years.
Availability of a document confirming the existence on the bank card of the amount of 8000 – 10000 dollars for the first year of study.
The best US Universities
Yale, the California Institute of Technology, Stanford, Harvard, Princeton University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the University of Chicago are the undisputed leaders among US universities. However, there are many other, no less prestigious institutions that provide quality education in the extreme. These are Columbia University, the University of Pennsylvania, Duke University, the University of Michigan, Carnegie Mellon University and others.
Living conditions and cost of living
Living conditions and costs in the United States vary greatly depending on location and lifestyle, but in general they are similar to those in other rich countries. Consumer goods are certainly easy to find, and basic needs, such as food and household goods, are available to almost everyone living in the United States. The average cost of living for an adult living in the United States is $ 2,300 (excluding tuition). As in most states, the cost of living is higher in larger cities than in small towns; housing can be expensive in cities.